Category: Trichoderma Fungicide
What Is It?
Trichoderma fungicide has been widely used in agricultural applications due to its well-known biological control mechanism.
It’s a fungus widely distributed in nature and is an important community of soil microorganisms. Since discovering the antagonistic effect of Trichoderma spp on plant pathogenic fungi, it began to receive attention and then was widely used in agricultural production.
There are about 80 kinds of Trichoderma fungus known on the earth, which can produce spores rapidly. The main ones that can be marketed are Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma longibrachiatum, Trichoderma koningii.
Trichoderma biocontrol agent can produce some plant pathogenic fungi, bacteria, and insects with the antagonistic effect of bioactive substances to achieve the effect of disease prevention, disease treatment, but also to promote growth, improve nutrient utilization, enhance crop resistance, and repair agrochemical environmental pollution.
Trichoderma strains are known worldwide as an effective biocontrol agent that can target many different pathogenic microorganisms in the soil. Not only that, but it also enhances plant resistance, plant growth, and development, which leads to increased yields. Trichoderma spp is used in sustainable disease management systems to control plant diseases.
In addition to its significant role in reducing disease and improving plant growth, Trichoderma spp. It can also be used for waste/organic matter decomposition and detoxification of contaminated areas. It can also be applied in compost making, and compost that is degraded by Trichoderma strains possesses a higher nutritional value. Thus, the benefits of Trichoderma spp. When used in combination with products, it can control different crop diseases, stimulate plant growth and development, improve the composting process and provide a good environment for sustainable agriculture.
Trichoderma Use in Agriculture
1. Competitive Effect
2. Heavy Parasitism
3. Synergistic Antagonism
4. Induced Resistance
Significance of Trichoderma for Sustainable Agriculture
- The use of chemical fertilizers has increased year by year, and the utilization rate of chemical fertilizers and chemical fertilizer yield benefits have decreased.
- The use of pesticides is increasing year by year. It causes environmental pollution and posing a threat to the safety of agricultural products.
- Soil fertility is decreasing, and soil degradation, including desertification, is gradually increasing;
- The soil’s ecological environment is deteriorating, and the ecological function of soil is declining.
- Chemical fertilizer resources are seriously insufficient, which poses a serious challenge to the sustainable development of agriculture. The development and application of microbial fertilizers such as Trichoderma are significant for the sustainable development of agriculture, as it plays an important role in improving and maintaining soil fertility, converting nutrients, improving the utilization of chemical fertilizers, promoting crop growth, antagonizing soil-borne diseases, and environmental purification and ecosystem balance