Crop rotation is a technique of organic farming that, as we know, its main objective is to obtain agricultural products free of any synthetic chemical element. In addition, for the greater efficiency of this technique, it should be done avoiding rotating with plants of the same vegetative type, although it is good that they belong to the same botanical family.
How we will see the advantages of crop rotation is an old method that helps the farmer to solve some problems, and we will also know the few disadvantages or disadvantages that this method has.
Advantages of Crop Rotation
1. Improves soil conditions
Crop rotation can make a big difference in soil structure over time. By utilizing different crops, especially those with tap or fibrous roots, it can enhance the chemical, biological and physical structure of the soil. This improves the water holding capacity of the soil, as well as organic matter and nutrients.
At the same time, Trichoderma harzianum can also be used to improve the soil environment, inhibit soil-borne diseases, control nematodes, slow down the growth and reproduction of nematodes, enhance soil fertility, and create a good growth environment for plant roots.
2. Reduces soil erosion and water runoff
Rotating crops can help bring down erosion by improving soil tilth and microbial communities. This creates a more stable soil structure that cuts down on surface runoff.
3. Reduces pests and weeds
Insects, weeds, and pests can’t survive long without their host. By playing musical chairs with your crops, and creating a healthier soil structure in doing so, those pests don’t stand a chance.
4. Provides diversification
Certain crops require less work and machinery than others. This means you can distribute the workload throughout the year. It also gives a greater variety to the goods you can sell so you don’t have to “put all your eggs in one basket” so to speak.
Disadvantages of Crop Rotation
Crop rotation also has its drawbacks, although there are very few compared to its benefits:
1. Requires more machinery
Certain crops need specific types of equipment, so farmers may have to invest in different types of machinery. This means the initial costs can be higher.
2. Give lower financial returns during certain times
You can’t put your most valuable crops on your biggest fields every year, so you may not profit as much during periods when you are growing a different type of product that has a lower market value.
3. Requires more knowledge and skills
Aside from different types of machinery, crop rotation also requires a deeper set of skills and knowledge. This means farmers will have to invest more time and resources in learning and mastering this agricultural practice.